Changes in Appellate Review System

I. Introduction

The current Law on Civil Procedures (the “LCP”) numbered 6100 had entered into force on October 1, 2011 but the new appellate procedures introduced by the Law numbered 5235 on September 26, 2004 and repeated in the LCP had not entered into force due to the fact that regional courts of justice hadn’t been established and non-operational.

Cross-border Data Transfer Rules Under Data Protection Law


The Data Protection Law, Turkey's first dedicated general data protection law, was published in the Official Gazette on April 7, 20161. The law regulates the transfer of personal data in two categories: the transfer of personal data and the transfer of personal data abroad.

Registration of Layout of a Store as Trademark

I. Introduction

Could design and layout of a retail store be registered as a three-dimensional trademark? Apparently yes.Apple Inc. triggered an examination on that front before the Court of Justice of the European Union (“the CJEU”) when the German Patent and Trademark Office (“the DPMA”) rejected the company’s trademark application of “distinctive design and layout of a retail store” and the company appealed this rejection decision before German Federal Patent Court (Bundespatentgericht, “the Court”), which ultimately led the Court to ask for a preliminary ruling from CJEU on the matter. 

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