The French antitrust authority – Autorite de la Concurrence (Autorite) – has recently finalized a significant investigation against Electricite de France (EDF) and reached a notable decision that is expected to shape business models in electricity markets. Examining the case, here are its potential impacts and replicability on the Turkish electricity market.
Recent developments in Turkish tax regulations carry substantial implications for both corporations and foreign investors. Turkey has undertaken substantial measures to fortify its fiscal position and tackle economic challenges. Among the notable changes is the elevation of the general corporate income tax rate to 25%. The financial sector faces an even higher rate of 30%. This tax rate adjustment is rationalized by the government as a means to aid the country's recovery efforts following recent earthquakes.
This article explores the principles and provisions related to the taxation of capital gains as stated in Article 13 of the OECD Model Tax Convention. It examines the variations in capital gains taxation across countries and discusses the OECD Model Convention as a framework for negotiating bilateral tax treaties.
Commercial companies need capital to execute its business activities. Thus, paying the capital is regarded as the fundamental obligation of partners. In accordance with this, partners who do not pay their capital share on due date will be held liable accordingly to the private law in the context of TCC.
In addition to this, it is seen that this breach is sometimes interpreted as distribution of disguised profit through transfer pricing in the context of Corporate Tax Code (“CTC”).
There is a growing concern, across CEE, about a potential wave of insolvency and restructuring proceedings. Given the economic aftermath of COVID-19, coupled with the ramifications of rising inflation and interest rates, energy crisis concerns, and the war in Ukraine – the road ahead seems bumpy at best.
Dentons Turkish affiliate Balcioglu Selcuk Ardiyok Keki Attorney Partnership has advised Sabanici Ventures and Turkiye Development Fund’s TKYB Sermaye Fonu on their investment in Figopara. Nazali advised L2G Ventures on leading the USD 11 million round. The Gokce Attorney Partnership advised Figopara. Kolcuoglu Demirkan Kocakli advised Logo Yazilim on its investment. Reportedly, BTS & Partners advised Eczacibasi on participating in the round.
The sixth package of European Union sanctions imposed on Russia is a widely discussed topic, yet the overall levels of preparedness to adopt the associated energy import ban varies from one country to another. Indeed, with Russian oil and gas exports being such a dominant source of energy for a number of European countries, it remains to be seen how all of them adapt to the change. To gain insight into how certain EU member states and non-EU countries are (likely) to fare in the immediate wake of the ban, we reached out to legal professionals from Turkey, Poland, Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, and Moldova.
The Turkish electricity market has been under a liberalization process since 2001. Specific steps had been taken during the 1980s, 1990s, and 2000s but the main amendment to the legal framework for the creation of a competitive electricity market was the enactment of the Electricity Market Act No. 4628, which was brought into force in 2001. As a result, the integrated structure of the electricity market was to be unbundled, following the privatization of distribution activity in accordance with a specific timetable.
Energy prices have been a salient issue in CEE for the past year. Part 1 of this article covered just how high the energy prices had climbed in Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Moldova, Montenegro, Poland, and Turkey, the impact of those prices on people, businesses, and governments, as well as the reasons why some countries fared better than others. Then Russia’s war against Ukraine changed everything, making a new energy pricing normal seem more distant than ever. In Part 2 we look at what energy experts believe could alleviate the situation and whether the war has impacted those plans.
In the past twelve months, energy prices seem to have taken a life of their own. Their continued and, at times, shocking growth has raised concerns across the region and prompted differing responses and policy changes in each country. To get a more accurate picture of recent developments, we reached out to experts in Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Moldova, Montenegro, Poland, and Turkey and asked them about the current energy prices, their impact on local economies, the drivers behind their growth, and whether any plans were in place to address the issue.